In the early twentieth century art expresses a rejection of the rules on which Western mimetic representation had been built while also absorbing the techniques and themes that arose with the advances of the Industrial Revolution. These two trends are developed in parallel; they intertwined and influenced each other.
This exhibition addresses the connections established between these two universes in Salvador Dalí’s (Figueras, 1904-1989) work. The artist tries to transform into stimuli for his creative imagination the tensions resulting from this combination of trends. During this period, the acceptance of modernity entailed the recognition of a profound transformation in the field of culture, with access of the masses to politics, education and consumption. Dalí soon became attracted to mass culture; in the Twenties he profoundly enjoyed film, photography and advertising, as can be seen in the exhibition: Dalí joven. 1918-1930 which the Museo Nacional Reina Sofía organised in 1994. The possibility of "surrealising" the world seemed then to be linked to the use of this new cultural media and the materials they produced.
Organised for the centenary of the artist’s birth along with Huellas dalinianas, this exhibition brings together more than four hundred pieces grouped into different themes. One section shows the relationship of Dalí’s paintings with modern themes, along with the passing of machine-age aesthetics to the surreal. It also delves into Dalí’s link with the painting El Ángelus (1857-59) by Jean-François Millet, a piece that has been absorbed by popular culture and of which countless reproductions have been made. Dalí's interest in cinema is evident in a section that exhibits his works from early avant-garde films with Luis Buñuel, to his experience with Walt Disney, the Marx Brothers and Alfred Hitchcock.
The pavilion Dalí designed for the 1939 New York Expo deserves another exhibition space, whose objective was to make Surrealism accessible to everyone. Another area is dedicated to Dalí’s contacts with fashion and designing objects, as well as the collaborations established with photographers such as Man Ray, Brassaï or Philippe Halsman and his relationship with the press, which includes cover designs for magazines or publishing his own newspaper, Dali News. The tour ends with two cinematic portraits that Warhol produces of Dalí in 1965 and 1966, proof of the friendship between the two great creators.
CaixaForum, Barcelona (6 February - 23 May, 2004); The Salvador Dalí Museum, Saint Petersburg, Florida (1 October, 2004 - 12 January, 2005) ; Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam (5 March - 12 June, 2005)
15 December 2020 – 12 April 2021
The Kind Cruelty
León Ferrari, 100 Years
11 November, 2020 - 1 March, 2021
Mondrian and De Stijl
22 October, 2020 - 17 May, 2021
From North to South, Rhythms
14 October, 2020 - 15 February 2021
Sound Experimentation 1980-2020
7 October, 2020 - 26 April, 2021
Niño de Elche
Invisible Auto Sacramental: A Sonic Representation from Val del Omar
23 September, 2020 - 1 March, 2021
Art in Sound up to 1980
17 July, 2020 - 28 February, 2021
To a raven and hurricanes that from unknown places bring back smells of humans in love
25 September 2020 – 5 February 2021
What Are We Doing Here?
Alternative Spaces in Madrid at the Turn of the CenturyMuestras documentales, Biblioteca y Centro de Documentación