11 september, 2004 - 11 september, 2004
This series is dedicated to the audiovisual work done by artists who lived near the events of 9/11 and who documented the before and after of the attack on the World Trade Center in New York on Tuesday 11 September 2001, which the world witnessed on their television screens. Since then, the unrepeatable moment that the airplanes crashed into the World Trade Center has been rebroadcast endlessly, becoming fixed in the collective memory, condensing the innumerable effects of Al Qaeda’s attack against the United States.
10 september, 2004 - 30 september, 2004
Zone of Crossovers
A Zone of Crossovers is a series dedicated to the Belgian film and video scene, a heterogeneous place where extremely different approaches, forms and strategies come together. Without a doubt, this circumstance reflects and is a symptom of the complex historical, political and cultural reality of this small country which, since its founding in 1830, has embodied a commitment to neutralise territorial conflicts between adjacent powers: Germany, England, France and Holland. The setting for historical clashes between the Latin and Germanic worlds, Belgium is also a space characterised by a rich cultural hybridisation in which the appearance of figures like René Magritte, Marcel Broodthaers and Panamarenko cannot be considered a coincidence.
14 june, 2004 - 23 june, 2004
Describing Love (in 7 Fragments)
Describing Love (in 7 Fragments) presents some twenty videos and seven films that, using different moments and contexts, reflect on love and are related to seven ideas taken from the book by Roland Barthes (Cherbourg, 1915 - Paris, 1980), Fragments d’un discourse amoureux. The book is structured around topics (arranged from A to Z) that the author defines both theoretically and personally. As in the book, the programme follows Barthes’ ideas in alphabetical order, as he presents them in the original French, thus questioning the linearity of the narrative of the subject’s experience and his love affair, providing a portrait (which is structural more than biographical) in which the loving subject speaks about himself in a confrontation with the loved object, who does not speak.
12 may, 2004 - 03 june, 2004
This series is dedicated to the work of artist, photographer and director Ulrike Ottinger (Konstanz, 1942), one of the most emblematic figures of the New German Cinema, paradoxically overlooked by official histories. Ottinger began working in film in the 1960s (during which time she studied photography, history and ethnology at the side of teachers including John Friedlaender, Claude Lévi-Strauss and Pierre Bourdieu), although she did not make her first film as a director until 1972, when she directed Laocoon & Sons with Tabea Blumenschein (Konstanz, 1952). The film premiered at the Deutsche Kinemathek in Berlin in 1973. With Madame X - Eine absolute Herrscherin (1977), a film about a female pirate, Ottinger revealed her interest in questions of gender, although in the 1980s she distanced herself from traditional feminist paradigms to interrogate the existence of a ‘female’ aesthetic, an alternative way of seeing the world, and begin to explore new discourses about identity. Her Berlin Trilogy marked a critical moment in this turn, since in it she tackled questions like androgyny and dandyism using a somewhat queer sensibility. From this point of view, Ottinger’s work has the special distinction of re-appropriating the aesthetics of narcissism from a feminist discourse, proposing a renegotiation of subjectivity and going beyond the more traditional debates in feminist theory on gender and sexuality.
22 april, 2004 - 22 april, 2004
Enlace-23. Manuel Olveira
Manuel Olveira (Puerto del Son, 1964), the director de Hangar, talks about the project Procesos abiertos, which was designed to draw attention to the production processes in contemporary art through a series of activities, a documentation centre and a blog. For six months (from January to July 2004) and with the participation of eleven artists, a support framework will be created in and with the public space, intended to be more of a network of relationships within a context than a physical framework.
01 march, 2004 - 01 march, 2004
Enlace-22. Valie Export
Valie Export (Linz, 1940) has, since the 1960s, served as a reference point for conceptual and feminist art with her reflections on identity, the use of the body and sexuality and its relation to the media. Her work, which is formally heterogeneous, spans film, video, performance art, photography, drawing and installations, formats that converge in a point of view that is radically opposed to the roles that the sexist conception inherent in western culture grants women.
27 february, 2004 - 08 march, 2004
Hackers. The Art of Abstraction
Originally, hacker was a word that designated someone who made furniture using an axe. In the cyber world, however, it has acquired numerous meanings related to the world of artificial intelligence and its uses on the Internet, from the positive connotation when referring to a person who enjoys exploring programmable systems in great detail and how to expand their possibilities, to the unfavourable meaning used to refer to people who maliciously try to discover delicate information by manipulating programming systems. Hackers. The Art of Abstraction is a series of documentaries, conferences and performance pieces dedicated to the hacker phenomenon and culture that highlights some key questions that arose alongside the earliest appearances of computer ‘piracy’: Are the security systems guaranteed by large corporations and web servers really stable? To what extent can hacker practices be categorised as meaningless vandalism? What lies in these practices of civil disobedience?
06 february, 2004 - 06 february, 2004
Enlace-21. Cecilia Noriega-Bozovich
What is the tunche? The tunche is a figure that has never been seen but is there. No visual representation of it exists, but it is imagined as a nocturnal bird. Its whistle is sweet and melancholy. When its whistle is short, it is a tormented soul that escorts; when it is long, it is an evil spirit that haunts, an omen of misfortune and death. Part of Peruvian folklore, the tunche is a feared and respected presence in the collective mindset.
19 january, 2004 - 30 january, 2004
Trinh T. Minh-ha. Documentary Is/Not a Name
This film and video programme presents the complete filmography of the Vietnamese filmmaker Trinh T. Minh-ha (Hanoi, 1952), one of the most forceful voices in post-colonial and post-feminist discourse in the 1980s and 90s. Born in Hanoi, she moved to the United States in 1970, where she studied music composition, ethnomusicology and French literature at the University of Illinois. Her film work has been highly recognised in the field of documentary, where she has adopted a critical ethnographic eye with respect to the narrative of the traditional documentary, which she deconstructs in her films. The technique of documentary film often contains the illusion of offering an objective and impartial look at the observed subject. The filmmaker, like the anthropologist, usually enjoys a privileged position, a distance above the observed subject that supposedly guarantees the neutrality of the process and the document. Part of Trinh T. Minh-ha’s work consists of challenging this proposition, revealing the strategies and methods used in the specific relationships between the documentary maker and the exploited or oppressed subjects who are observed in a hieratical power structure with an underlying authoritarian discourse about the ‘other’. In her films, meaning is constructed, not given. Thus she shows that commentary is not impartial, but rather an interpretation open to all its inherent complexity.
30 october, 2003 - 30 october, 2003
Enlace-20. Joan Rabascall
The work of Joan Rabascall (Barcelona, 1935), one of the Spanish artists who founded the Sociological Art movement in Paris in 1974, grapples with the messages contained in the manipulated media images that we are fed every day. Drawing on publicity, the press and television, he reveals the failures in the system through works with minimal decontextualisation and subsequent resignifying.
17 july, 2003 - 27 july, 2003
A Brief History of Video Art in Holland. 30 Years in the Work of 30 artists
A Brief History of Video Art in Holland is a video programme curated by Sebastián López, director of the Gate Foundation. It features the participation of 30 artists who are already prominent in the history of the audiovisual medium because of their important contributions, both to the development of video and to the issues that characterised the visual arts between 1972 and 2002. The exhibition charts the diversity and variety of the artists who have drawn the history of Dutch video art without constrictions in a medium supposedly without borders, opening up numerous cross-cultural connections and providing an open space for discussion where the artistic interrogates the cultural. The exhibition thus contributes to establishing new parameters to better understand the video work of the last three decades and the historical context in which these works were produced.
04 june, 2003 - 22 june, 2003
Adolescents. Films and Videos for/about Girls and Boys
Adolescents. Films and Videos for/about Girls and Boys is a programme of underground films that deal with the problems faced by adolescents and the challenges entailed in reaching the earliest years of adult life. Despite the difficulties involved in this vital phase for most people who experience it, as series curator Susana Blas notes, “we have gone from thinking of youth as an illness that is quickly cured to completely sublimating it. It seems that nobody wants to let go of this young way of living, which for many people has become a way of feeling, from being radical to just adopting their aesthetics and fashions. Today, you can find 40-year-old adolescents.” Drawing on this observation, the series is designed to break with the most perverse aspects involved in the sublimation of adolescence and unearth some of the clichés that have emerged around this difficult and venerated time of life. At the same time, it is introducing audiences to the work of a series of essential artists in the contemporary audiovisual world.
09 may, 2003 - 18 may, 2003
Focus: Video Library. Turin Gallery of Modern Art
Focus: Video Library is a film and video exhibition created for the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía by the Galleria d'Arte Moderna (GAM) in Turin. The GAM has created a museum video collection, which could not be found in Italy until well into the 1990s, and has managed to build up a large collection of works that are now available to the public. The collection includes pieces by artists like Vito Acconci (New York, 1940), Dan Graham (Urbana, 1942), Marina Abramović (Belgrade, 1946) and Martha Rosler (New York, 1943) from the era when video was first being used as an art medium, works by John Baldessari (National City, 1931), Marcel Odenbach (Cologne, 1953) and Ana Mendieta (Havana, 1948 - New York, 1985) from the 1980s and more recent pieces from Sadie Benning (Madison, 1973) and Lydie Jean-Dit-Panel (Montbéliard, 1968). The selection also contains video works by young Italian artists, including Paolo Chiasera (Bologna, 1978) and Marcello Maloberti (Codogno, 1966), among others.
May 7 - 11, 2003
La Ribot. Panoramix (1993 - 2003)
The artist, dancer and choreographer La Ribot (María José Ribot) (Madrid, 1966) was honoured in 2000 with the Premio Nacional de Danza (National Dance Prize), in recognition of a career that included dance, performing arts and visual arts. Her best known work is the Series Distinguidas (1993-2003), a collection of short pieces created as a reflection on the body and from the body.
07 march, 2003 - 03 april, 2003
With Single-channel, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía presents a comprehensive review of the Spanish video created between 1996 and 2003, looking at 46 pieces that will be previewed on the museum façade during the days of the ARCO fair, along with the programme The Swiss Screen. The list includes some very well-known artists such as Txomin Badiola (Bilbao, 1957), Jordi Colomer (Barcelona, 1962) and Eulàlia Valldosera (Vilafranca del Penedès, 1963) alongside emerging figures who are being closely followed by audiences attuned to the latest trends such as Olga Adelantado (Valencia, 1970), Pilar Albarracín (Seville, 1968), Carles Congost (Olot, 1970), Dora García (Valladolid, 1965) and Fernando Sánchez Castillo (Madrid, 1970).
10 february, 2003 - 17 february, 2003
The Swiss Screen
How should a programme that is both personal and at the same time representative of Swiss art in the field of video be approached? How should the selection be organised given the particular context in which it will be presented, i.e., in the city of Madrid for a series of Swiss art events presented alongside ARCO 2003 and at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía?
13 november, 2001 - 19 december, 2001
Film and Almost Film 2001
Film and Almost Film 2001 presents a selection of 22 works by experimental film directors and artists who, influenced by film and television, have taken a new approach to their work in an attempt to create a new genre of ‘art film’. This genre has traditionally been linked, both in terms of technique and narrative, to European experimental film, which, produced with low or medium budgets, has tried to reorient film practices and aesthetics. Nonetheless, in the last few years, the connotations inherent in the idea of ‘art film’ have grown.
31 may, 2001 - 31 may, 2001
Enlace-11. Perry Bard
Interference is a programme of slides, documentaries and videos that tracks the evolution of the work by Perry Bard (Quebec, 1944) since she moved to New York in 1981. At the time, she was struck by the sight of homeless people sleeping in cardboard box shelters and the strong contrast with the surrounding sheets of glass and marble for which the city is known. Since then, Bard’s work has focused on the tenuous limits between public and private.
03 may, 2001 - 25 may, 2001
Historias sin argumento. The films of Pere Portabella
Historias sin argumento is a programme that presents the different stages in the filmography of Pere Portabella (Figueres, 1929) as a filmmaker and producer from the 1950s to today. His production company 59 Films was the driving force behind some of the cornerstone productions of Spain’s post-civil war critical realism (Los golfos, Carlos Saura; El cochecito, Marco Ferreri; Viridiana, Luis Buñel). At the end of the 1960s he was involved with the formation of the Barcelona School. His early films as a director, written in collaboration with the poet Joan Brossa (Barcelona, 1919-1998) (No compteu amb els dits and Nocturn 29), combine the cultural inheritance of the avant-garde with the languages that were coming onto the scene and shaking up the 1960s, and became known as ‘new cinema’. He was one of the key figures in the development of independent, alternative and clandestine cinema whose work was inextricably linked to his political opposition to Franco’s regime. Films like Vampir-Cuadecuc (1970), Umbracle (1971-1972) and his series of short films about Joan Miró (1969-1973), along with his participation in the Grup de Treball, were radical interventions in the cinema and art worlds.
05 february, 2001 - 05 february, 2001
Enlace-7. Liliana Porter
Liliana Porter (Buenos Aires, 1941) is the only female Latin American artist whose work is included in the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía’s audiovisual collection. For You/Para usted (1999) has its origins in a photographic series the artist did using toys and figurines going about their daily business, which Porter reformulated adding sound, rhythm and narration. From this point of view, the piece is closely connected to her earlier work in painting, drawing and photography, which already manifested the peculiar aspects of her personal narrative, far removed from traditional formulas. As Ana Tiscornia has noted, For You/Para usted is another step in the destabilisation of the conventional ideas of reality that prevails in Liliana Porter’s work. The video, originally shot in 16 mm, craftily uses the basic characteristics of the medium - emphasising time and movement - to present a scene that takes place almost completely off stage, in the mind of the viewer. In this presentation, Porter analyses her piece and illustrates the relationship between the video and the context of her work.
02 february, 2001 - 02 february, 2001
Inspired by the short story Beatles contra Duran-Duran, by the Cuban writer Mirta Yáñez (Havana, 1947), Madagascar (1994) by Fernando Pérez (Havana, 1944) revolves around the contradictions experienced by a university professor who has lost the ability to dream in Cuba during the 1990s economic crisis known as the ‘special period’ and her teenage daughter, who dreams of travelling to Madagascar. Their relationship, which is full of misunderstandings and mutual alienation, is depicted as an exercise in human communication. Its cinematic expressiveness, aesthetic pursuit and the humanity of its characters make Madagascar not only an innovative film, but also an important reading of the cinema of the times. This subtle story about the conflict between tradition and modernity has received numerous awards and distinctions, including the Special Jury Prize and Special Cuban Critics Prize at the 16th International Festival of New Latin American Cinema (1994) and the World Cinema Prize for Best Latin American Film at the 12th Sundance Film Festival.
01 february, 2001 - 11 march, 2001
B&W and Colour. Latin America: cinema, video and multimedia
With B&W and Colour. Latin America: cinema, video and multimedia, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía presents an up-to-date panorama of Latin American audiovisual art along with an exhibition entitled Agitation as Daily Ritual - Cartographies of Desire that brings 30 films and videos made by female artists between 1965 and 1987 to Spain for the first time. B&W and Colour crosses conventional boundaries, not only because of its unusual nature, variety and the contents of the selected works, but because of its pluralist inclination. Most of these pieces deal with the fragmentation of society into different ethnic, social and cultural groups and show us how to decode a culture that seems closer than it really is.
19 october, 2000 - 19 october, 2000
Enlace-2. Arte Visión: Spanish Electronic Art
Cameras, screens, computers, recorders, photocopiers, printers, scanners, holograms, magnetic material and CDs are a regular part of the contemporary scene as both instruments and ubiquitous, versatile media. The electronic and media arts are not the result of the seduction of novelty, but rather a consequence of responsible proximity to what is happening in the world. The arts have adopted instruments from the information and communication industries and factories and given them other functions and configurations that make abundant use of inter-, multi- and transmedia amalgams.
03 june, 1999 - 26 june, 1999
Calculated Cinema is a film and video series that focuses its attention on the pioneering use of computers and electronics in experimental films as expressed in works by filmmakers like Oskar Fischinger (Gelnhausen, 1900 - Los Angeles, 1967), Mary Ellen Bute (Houston, 1906 - New York, 1983), John (Pasadena, 1917 - Los Angeles, 1995) and James Whitney (Pasadena, 1921 - Los Angeles, 1982), Jordan Belson (Chicago, 1926 - San Francisco, 2011), Peter Kubelka (Vienna, 1934), Werner Nekes (Erfurt, 1944), Larry Cuba (Atlanta, 1950) and Robert Darroll (England, 1946).
11 february, 1999 - 06 march, 1999
Composing with Images: A Robert Cahen Retrospective
This programme presents a broad and representative cross-section of the work of Robert Cahen (Valence, 1945), a filmmaker, photographer and composer who has made more than fifty films and videos since 1973, when he first became interested in the audiovisual arts after meeting Pierre Schaeffer (Nancy, 1910 - Aix, 1995), with whom he studied Musique concrète at the Conservatoire de Paris. Cahen finds inspiration in images and memories, in the sensations of travelling, the world of theatre, dance and art, and in the visual and sound experiments that he has been conducting with electronic images and Musique concrète for more than thirty years. In every case, his extraordinary knowledge of the music world shapes the work, its conception and its rhythm.
20 september, 1998 - 21 october, 1998
Antoni Muntadas: Videos 1971-1996
Twenty-five years separate the first video work by Antoni Muntadas (Barcelona, 1942), Acciones (a study of the so-called sub-senses carried out from a series of experiments done between 1971 and 1973), and his latest episode of Political Advertisements (1984-1996), the fourth piece dedicated to analysing election campaigns in the United States, where he has lived since the 1970s. This selection presents these twenty-five years of video work by Muntadas, a pioneer in new audiovisual and electronic media and one of the most important directors, both nationally and internationally. The programme includes all of his video work, 21 single-channel pieces organised into nine programmes arranged chronologically, allowing the viewer to follow the evolution of his interest in the context of the media, which has influenced all of his work.
02 september, 1998 - 26 september, 1998
About Federico García Lorca
The film cycle, About Federico García Lorca features the latest audiovisual pieces dedicated to the writer in Spain, as well as the few film images that have been preserved of him, interviews with family members and friends and witnesses to the intense and passionate life and work of this universal poet.
06 may, 1998 - 30 may, 1998
Filming Dance: Beginning and End of a Century
Video dance is usually linked to the origins of video and its relationship to contemporary dance, following the evolution of creators, artistic languages and the use of technology in the search for common ground where the two forms of expression complement each other in the communication of ideas and creation of emotions. However, the relationship between dance and image is not exclusive to the last quarter century; in fact, since its earliest days, a special attraction has existed between film and dance that today, after nearly one hundred years, still merits analysing.
01 april, 1998 - 25 april, 1998
The Idea of a Place: Videos on Latin America
How should Latin America be represented? Where is it? Can it be reduced to some geographical limits? Or can its space be reproduced in other spheres, like the U.S., where Latinisation is a trend that will reach its apogee in the 21st century? The Idea of a Place is a video programme that focuses on Latin America as a space/location, an ‘absolute place’ that is the sphere of authentic nomadism, directly confronting contemporary concepts of space and location, as well as the possibility of the production/reproduction of images using technology to represent both fact and fiction. Anna Bella Geiger (Rio de Janeiro, 1933) in Mapas elementales nº 3 (1976), Louis Hock (Los Angeles, 1948) with the work The Mexican Tapes: A Chronicle of Life Outside the Law, (1986) and José Gabriel Fernández (Caracas, 1957) in Hotel Arizona are some of the artists featured.
04 march, 1998 - 21 march, 1998
Video Art in Holland: Two Views
Holland is a country that has historically been open to the outside world, not only because of the different cultures that have come together within its borders, but also because of the travelling spirit of its inhabitants. Consistent with this idiosyncrasy, video art in the Netherlands has developed within an international context since the beginning. Video Art in Holland: Two Views is a series that features a selection of the most important videos from the 1997 World Wide Video Festival, the most cosmopolitan video festival in Europe, held at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam between 12 and 17 September 1997.
31 january, 1998 - 28 february, 1998
Films from documenta X
Films from documenta X is a film and video programme that features a unique event in the history of the festival held in Kassel every five years: the creation of its own audiovisual programme, consisting of a group of fiction films and documentaries conceived and created at the behest of the documenta festival. This date on the art calendar has a long history, going back to 1955 when Arnold Bode, the exhibition founder, used the so-called Bode Plan to express his desire to present “foreign and national films in Kassel”. Accordingly, the first documenta featured 40 Years of Film Documents, while the series Happenings and Fluxus accompanied documenta 5. In addition to a selection of videos and an experimental film series, documenta 6 featured Cinema of the 1970s, and Parsifal (1982) by Hans Jürgen Syberberg (Nossendorf, 1935) was screened at the opening session of documenta 7. Finally, the film sequence Jazz-Boxing-Baseball formed part of documenta 9.
20 december, 1997 - 28 december, 1997
The Film Machine. Mechanical Metaphors in Avant-Garde Film
The Film Machine. Mechanical Metaphors in Avant-Garde Film is a series of avant-garde films from the 1920s and 1930s relating to the impact of machines on the modern world and society, from the first European abstract and futurist experiments to Soviet propaganda films and American comedies, passing through pioneering science fiction films. The aim of this combination of narrative and experimental genres is to illustrate how the world of the machine inspired both the industry and avant-garde artists. The fascination first appeared in pioneering films by the Lumière brothers, Georges Méliès (Paris, 1861-1938), Segundo de Chomón (Teruel 1871- Paris 1929) and other anonymous artists, whose work introduces this series.
29 october, 1997 - 22 november, 1997
Lights, Camera, Action (...) Cut! Video Action: the Body and its Boundaries
The old concept of a person used to refer to oneself and to others is losing its meaning. Discourses as varied (and antagonistic) as science, religion, politics, philosophy and art indicate this movement clearly. This video programme features an orographic exploration and partial signposting of the terrain of video action, a perfect microcosm of what appears to be taking place on a different scale. Far from offering responses or interpretations, it aspires to contribute to the ruling confusion, adding new symptoms that speak equally of the generalised deterioration of these inescapably decomposing bodies.
01 october, 1997 - 01 october, 1997
The First Decade in Perspective. Video Art and Alternative Media in the United States
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía presents an anthological series divided into eight programmes on the first ten years of video as a means for artistic expression in the United States, an exhaustive look at its use in phenomenological and conceptual explorations. The First Decade in Perspective. Video Art and Alternative Media in the United States reflects attempts to establish a criticism of the North American television culture, to introduce new voices in the art world, and to capture experiments in the field of performance art, creating a new visual language.
07 may, 1997 - 07 june, 1997
In Two Dimensions: Dance on the Screen
On the occasion of the International Dance Festival in Madrid, In Two Dimensions: Dance on the Screen is a series that features an international selection of film-video-dance dedicated to the auteur. The pieces included in the seven programmes in the series were made by renowned artists who present different ways to contemplate audiovisual creation, finding their partenaire in the choreographic arts. Choreographers and directors analyse, structure, observe and direct the viewer’s gaze through the body and the movement of performers who order/disorder ideas and feelings. Moreover, each is done in a personal way, paving often extremely divergent paths, where the relationship between the two resources materialises for very different reasons.
09 april, 1997 - 03 may, 1997
Of Blood, of Pleasure and of Death…or Some Films on ‘Sexual Disorientation’
The series Of Blood, of Pleasure and of Death… presents a selection of experimental films with gay and lesbian themes designed to show some of the key pieces of avant-garde and underground film, putting them into context and in relation to the mass culture that generated them. The series title, in part inspired by the film trilogy by Gregory Markopoulos (Toledo, 1928 - Freiburg, 1992) Du sang, de la volupté et de la mort (1947-1948) acts as a metaphor for a series of films that, like the work by Markopoulos, see ‘blood, pleasure and death’ as an imaginary place where the desire, pain and the annihilation of the body are confronted and its being is oppressed by social norms and sexual taboos. The second part of the title, Some Films on ‘Sexual Disorientation’, in turn, relates to the confirmation of a fact: gay and lesbian film did ‘not’ exist before the 1970s or if it existed, it was limited to only two or three works. Given that the idea of a group or concept of gay and lesbian identity based on the term sexual ‘orientation’ did not exist (it emerged in the 1970s), this body of films cannot easily be described using those terms. This does not mean to say that there were no sexually ambiguous films suggesting ‘strange’ desires or ‘disoriented’ artists and filmmakers. Hundreds of films featured homosexual characters, but very few were made by homosexuals and even fewer had a gay or lesbian content.