F[r]icciones is one of five exhibitions from Versiones del Sur dedicated to Latin American art and held simultaneously at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía Sabatini building, the Palacio de Velázquez and Palacio de Cristal between late 2000 and early 2001. With various curators, the five exhibitions look at the particularities, connections and fragmentation of Latin American art since its beginnings until its most recent artistic creations from different points of view.
The Brazilian curators Ivo Mesquita and Adriano Pedrosa chose F[r]icciones as the title of this exhibition in reference to the book Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges, where the Argentine author questions the differences between literary and textual genres. The exhibition traces a parallel and brings into play the existing relationship and frictions between art and text, between historical and contemporary works, between formats, media, languages, design and content.
With this objective, diverse works are bought together from the seventeenth century to the present, Latin American artists such as Mexican painters Ignacio María Barreda, Frida Kahlo, Julio Galán, the Uruguayan constructivist Joaquín Torres García, muralists Pedro Nel Gómez, muralists David Alfaro Siqueiros, the representative of kinetic art in Venezuela Jesús Rafael Soto, the indigenous Bolivian Cecilio Guzmán de Rojas, the fresh Brazilian Tarsila do Amaral, or the latest generation of Latin American international artists including Adriana Varejão, Beatriz Milhazes, Francis Alÿs, Gabriel Orozco, Vik Muniz, Waltercio Caldas and Cildo Meireles.
Based on temporal ellipses, the exhibition juxtaposes the abstract painting of the Fifties to a work from the seventeenth century or the caste paintings by Miguel Cabrera to the General Idea, by basing relations in formal or thematic affinities or frictions in time between pieces that are centuries apart. From the hundred works by forty artists that make up the exhibition a dialogue can be heard between recent generations and earlier ones who coexist under art and address similar issues such as ethnic and cultural compositions, cities and maps, identity or the networks and plots.
To set up these relationships, fragments from texts by writers, essayists and Latin American theorists are included in the exhibition, they bring cohesion to the collection and reaffirm the multiplicity of ways to "read" the pieces. The exhibition ends with ideas and thoughts of personalities such as: Adolfo Bioy Casares, Italo Calvino, João Guimarães Rosa, Juan José Arreola, José Lezama Lima, Juan Rulfo, Julio Cortazar, Clarise Lispector, Milton Hatoum and those who also include music with their words such as Caetano Veloso and Chico Buarque.
In addition to introducing or reminding the Spanish public of the many essentials artists from the Latin American art scene, the exhibition has the ultimate intention of infringing the linearity of the Latin American art history from a critical perspective, able to question models in order to construct and interpret history and allow more space for fiction and relationships beyond time.