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Room 403 Identities and Settings for a New Regime

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The period that ensued from the victory of Franco’s army, signalling the end of the Spanish Civil War in April 1939, was marked by violence and repression in a devastated country in ruins. This triumph led to numerous people fleeing the country in exile, among them a major part of the country’s intelligentsia and those making up its cultural fabric. The new regime, perpetuating the artistic practices which took root during the war, was framed in a series of visual rhetoric devices and plastic languages embarked upon by artists with leanings towards a Falangist ideology. The situation changed with the defeat of Nazi-fascist powers in the Second World War, with the Francoist visual culture divesting itself of the militarised and ritual aesthetic that characterised the Falange, making way for the stabilisation of National Catholicism.