List of selected artworks. Maps for the tour in the museum

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Room 206.04 Visions of War and the Homefront

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Artists from different backgrounds shared a reliance on realism as an idiom to record the war, but not without some debate over the ap- propriate form political art should take. Alberto Sánchez and Josep Renau famously exchanged open letters in Nueva Cultura regarding whether or not, and how, artists should produce work in correspondence with their political commitments. While for Renau it was obvi- ous that an artist should put his work at the service of politics, and utilize the latest artistic techniques to do so, Alberto maintained the importance of artistic independence even while he would later contribute work to government initiatives (most importantly the Spanish Pavilion of 1937) and utilized illustration as a form of political critique in his unpublished series Cinco flechas.