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Room 104.09 Experimental Art in Spain

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Experimental art in Spain grew in parallel to the death throes of Franco’s dictatorship. Yet it only dealt with political areas obliquely, focusing more on experimentation. The Zaj group, created at the time that Fluxus’ life-affirming statelessness burst onto the international scene, became the pioneer of an experimentalism which resonated abroad, and of various projects touching on music, performance, the body and visual poetry. Other artists such as Francesc Torres (1948), Nacho Criado (1943-2010), Francesc Abad (1944) and Antoni Muntadas (1942) got together on collective projects dealing with the need for communication, participation and interrelating with each other when beginning speculative projects in art. For example, a project like Tierra, aire, agua y fuego (Earth, Air, Water and Fire, 1973) compares artists from Barcelona and Madrid, the two centers of Spanish conceptualism.