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Room 001.05 Art Activism in Latin America

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In the face of a longing for revolution, the string of military coup d’états throughout the 1960s and 1970s would chart a new political and artistic map in Latin America. In 1973, the year of the coup d’état in Chile, led by Augusto Pinochet, Juan Carlos Romero (1931) presented the installation Violencia (1973–1977), made up of texts, images, newspaper headlines and posters. Romero would record “the heat” of a conflict that poured through the streets, revealing the narrow gap between a word (“violence”) and its form in reality. Through his designs of prisons for artists, Horacio Zabala (1943), in contrast, represented a form of silent, buried violence that foretold the fate of thousands of people that went missing during the dictatorship.