The Collection of Museo Reina Sofía starts with the end of the 19th Century, addressing the conflicts between a dominant Modernity, understood as progress, and its multiple discontents, as an ideology under constant challenge both in the social and the political fronts, and the cultural and artistic ones. The avant-garde, in its reinvention of the subject, of the public and of the art world, becomes the symptom of the new 20th Century. While Cubism defines the modern, ephemeral and multiple gaze, Dada and Surrealism free the subject from the moral and social repression, giving free reign to desire and to the social and individual unconscious.
In response to the revolutionary nature of the avant-garde, the decades of the 1920's and the 1930's witness a number of returns, which involve a complex rereading of traditional genres. During the 30's, the avant-garde integrates experimentation and construction, the individual and the collective, becoming a poetic form of rewriting the present. Faced with the threat of Fascism, and its dogmatic version of history, there appears a link between the avant-garde and politics, which culminates in the Spanish Pavilion at the 1937 World Fair in Paris, and with Pablo Picasso's Guernica.
Sabatini Building. Floor 2
- Room 201 Modernity. Progress and Decadentism
- Room 202 Words in Freedom. Surrealism and Magnetic Fields
- Room 203 The New Culture in Spain. Between the Popular and the Modern
- Room 204 Telluric Art
- Room 205 Salvador Dalí. Óscar Domínguez. Surrealism and Revolution
- Room 206 Guernica and the 1930's
- Room 206.01 Torres García. Construction and Abstraction
- Room 206.02 Oskar Schlemmer. Das Triadische Ballett (The Triadic Ballet) 1922
- Room 206.03 GATEPAC. Architecture and Avant-Garde
- Room 206.04 Miró. Painting and Anti-Painting
- Room 206.05 Julio González. Drawing in Space
- Room 206.06 Pavilion of the Spanish Republic (1), 1937
- Room 206.07 Pavilion of the Spanish Republic (2), 1937
- Room 206.08 André Masson (1896-1987)
- Room 206.09 Aidez l’Espagne!
- Room 206.10 Surrealism in the Art of Spanish Exiles
- Room 207 The New Figuration. Between Classicism and Superrealism
- Room 208 Juan Gris. Reconfiguring the Modern Gaze
- Room 209 Noucentisme and New Art in Spain
- Room 210 Cubism’s Break with Space