- Alexander Calder Lawnton, Pennsylvania, USA, 1898 - New York, USA, 1976
- Material:Aluminium sheet, iron sheet and paint
- Technique:Cut out, riveted and welding
- Dimensions:1156 x 762 cm
- Category: Sculpture
- Entry date:1988
- Observations:Entry date: 1988 (from the redistribution of the Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo [MEAC] collection)
- Register number:AS10770
- On display in:Sabatini Garden
This piece, from 1974, was acquired by the State months before the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía was decreed a National Museum, and was first installed in the patio of the Sabatini Building in 1992. Carmen is a monumental standing mobile, which follows the typology Alexander Calder began in 1958 with La Spirale, which he built for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. It consists of a fixed supporting section with a mobile structure on top. Eight riveted blades are moved by air currents, giving the piece the playful, optimistic component so essential to Calder’s art while also producing a spontaneous contrast between the aesthetic industrial solidity of the base and the variability of the upper part. Like other pieces by the artist, the title of Carmen is a woman’s name, which, while it certainly has literary and musical connotations, does not make the sculpture a simple illustration, but actually functions as an independent work, as pointed out by Jean-Paul Sartre in 1946: “Calder does not ‘suggest’ anything: it captures genuine living movements and shapes them. ‘Mobiles’ have no meaning, make you think of nothing but themselves. They are, that is all; they are absolutes.”
Carmen Fernández Aparicio
Three young rats, and other rhymes / drawings by Alexander Calder ; edited, with introduction by James Johnson Sweeney.Calder, Alexander ( 1898-1976)New York : Museum of Modern Art, 
Dreams : that money can buy / [produced and directed by Hans Richter ; cover design, collage by Max Ernst from his book "La Semaine de Bonté"].New York : Films International of America [distribuidor], [1947?]
Calder, Alexander ( 1898-1976)New York : Perls Galleries, 1971.
Calder, Alexander ( 1898-1976)Long Beach : Long Beach Museum of Art, 1970.
Calder, Alexander ( 1898-1976)Rennes : Musée de Rennes, 1962.
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