On the 15th of December 1930, military forces supporting the establishment of the Republic, under General Queipo de Llano and Commander Ramón Franco, attempted to overthrow the monarchy of Alfonso XIII, taking over the Cuatro Vientos aerodrome in Madrid. The famous aviator Franco, brother of the future dictator, flew over the royal palace intending to bomb it, although in the end he only dropped pro-republican handbills over the city. Lacking any real support and with the artillery under siege at the aerodrome, the revolt was quickly crushed. A few days before, Alfonso Sánchez Portela had photographed another similar military defeat, the republican revolt in Jaca. Sánchez Portela was a tireless reporter, and at Cuatro Vientos he also caught warlike images of civilians running from the area. Although the story was censored in the press, and the 2nd Republic would have to wait some months before being installed by democratic elections in spring 1931, this attempted coup d’état did have lift the spirits of supporters of the republican cause.
Almudena Cruz Yábar