- Lothar Baumgarten Rheinsberg, Germany, 1944
- Technique:Gelatin silver print on paper
- Dimensions:38,8 x 57 cm
- Edition/serial number:1/3
- Category: Photography
- Entry date:2009
- Register number:AD05112
To produce Carbon, Lothar Baumgarten spent months travelling the United States railway network, so closely linked in its origins to the colonisation of the American continent. The photographer highlights the way the names of the various lines refer to the clash of two worlds: the continent’s native inhabitants and the pioneers occupying the American West. A large number of Chinese migrant workers were employed in the construction of the railway, adding a third continent to the mix. As Baumgarten put it: “An impressive fabric of tracks and sophisticated bridges was thus woven, built upon the pillars of Indian expropriation and Chinese exploitation.” The completed project, made up of thousands of photographs, mural drawings, texts, sound recordings, studies of typography and graphic design, was made into an artist’s book in 1991, with photographs accompanied by eleven stories. As a representative sample of the project, the Museo Reina Sofía collection holds fourteen photographs and a mural drawing containing the names of the railway lines. Photographs and drawing are exhibited together as a special installation.
Throughout his work, Baumgarten reveals the influence of his father’s profession of anthropologist, and his own experience of living among the Amazonian Yanomami tribe in Venezuela. Through his focus on the relationship between the natural landscape and human culture, Baumgarten questions the conventionalisms of Western perception, and occupies a place in the field of artist as ethnologist-anthropologist.
Concha Calvo Salanova
Candida Höfer : Düsseldorf / herausgegeben von Gunda Luyken und Beat Wismer ; mit Beiträgen von Lothar Baumgarten, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Fanni Fetzer, Friedrich Wolfram Heubach, Candida Höfer, Gabriele Hofer-Hagenauer, Erika Krugel, Gunda Luyken, Michael Oppitz und Friedemann von Stockhausen.Höfer, Candida ( 1944-)Düsseldorf : Richter/Fey Verlag, 
Purojekuto fo sabaibaru : 1970-nen iko no gendai bijutsu saiho : purojekutibu (ishiteki tokiteki) na jissen no saihakken ni mukete / shusai Kyoto Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan, Tokyo Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan = Project for survival / organized by The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.[Kyoto] : Kyoto Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan, 1996.
America invention : Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, January 28-March 7, 1993 / Lothar Baumgarten.Baumgarten, Lothar ( 1944-)New York : Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 
Baumgarten, Lothar ( 1944-)New York : Marian Goodman Gallery, 1987.
Baumgarten, Lothar ( 1944-)Pittsburgh : Carnegie Museum of Art, 1987.