- Remedios Varo Anglès, Girona, Spain, 1908 - Mexico City, Mexico, 1963
- Technique:Gouache on paper
- Dimensions:44 x 44 cm
- Category: Work on paper, Drawing
- Entry date:2012
- Register number:AD06620
- On display in:
Remedios Varo trained at the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid. She later became associated with the avant-garde circles in both Madrid and Barcelona, where she took part in the historic Exposición Logicofobista (Logicophobist Exhibition) in 1936. In 1937, she moved to Paris, where she was involved in the activities and exhibitions of the Surrealists until the start of World War II. Like other members of this group, she went into exile in Mexico in 1941. Alegoría del invierno (Allegory of Winter, 1948) dates from this period. Varo uses Surrealist techniques which explore the analysis of connections between the subconscious and the real. These techniques combine transfers, grattage, fumage and the cadavre exquis (exquisite corpse). There is a cadavre exquis dating from 1935, produced by Varo together with Óscar Domínguez and Esteban Francés. However, it is the use of drawing which characterises Varo’s work during her Mexican period. She found a new dimension of Surrealism in the interpretation of reality divided into different versions, in a blend of fiction, dream and premonition. Varo’s interest in the occult sciences and alchemy intensified during this period, while at the same time she was studying scientific advances in a wide variety of disciplines: mathematics, astronomy, botany and biology. Her knowledge filtered into her artistic work, which features numerous symbolic journeys through the universe. Alegoría del invierno also reflects a constant in her artistic production: the representation of living beings and nature, also alluding to the passing of time. For Varo, its progress imposes a sort of order, rhythm and harmony on the cosmos.
Remedios Varo : arte y literatura: 25 octubre - 24 noviembre 1991 / [textos, Lourdes Andrade ... (et al.) ; traducciones, Francesc Rodon, Beatriz Seral].Varo, Remedios ( 1908-1963)Teruel : Museo de Teruel, imp. 1991.
Cinco llaves del mundo secreto de Remedios Varo / Alberto Ruy Sánchez, Tere Arcq, Peter Engel, Jaime Moreno Villarreal, Janet Kaplan, Fariba Bogzaran, Sandra Lisci, Walter Gruen.Varo, Remedios ( 1908-1963)México D.F. : Artes México, 2008.
Varo, Remedios ( 1908-1963)1988.
Surreal friends : Leonora Carrington, Remedios Varo and Kati Horna / Stefan van Raay, Joanna Moorhead and Teresa Arcq ; with contributions by Sharon-Michi Kusunoki and Antonio Rodríguez Rivera.Farnham : Lund Humphries ; Chichester : in association with Pallant House Gallery, 2010.
The magic of Remedios Varo / Luis-Martín Lozano ; translated by Elizabeth Goldson and Liliana Valenzuela.Varo, Remedios ( 1908-1963)Washington : National Museum of Women in the Arts, 2006.