This exhibition provides an overview of Federico Garcia Lorca’s (Fuente Vaqueros, 1898 - Granada, 1936) personal and artistic biography. His cities, friends, success and the poet’s loneliness are the four main topics used to display his public and private life. An extensive correspondence and personal documents are featured in the exhibition, as well as photographs, books and manuscripts. The exhibition is completed with the works of contemporary artists who share artistic and aesthetic concerns over his career. Among these are the most outstanding representatives of Madrid’s artistic avant-garde, such as Benjamín Palencia, Rafael Barradas, Gregorio Prieto, José Moreno Villa, Adriano del Valle and José Bergamin.
This exhibition retrieves the enormous work by Ricardo Gutiérrez Abascal (Bilbao, 1883-Mexico, 1963), better known by the pseudonym of Juan de la Encina, in his dual role as art critic and promoter of New Art in Spain and director of the Museum of Modern Art during the Second Republic, between 1931 and 1936.
Ignacio Zuloaga (Éibar, 1870 - Madrid, 1945) is one of the last masters from the Spanish School. His iconography is considered an accurate portrayal of what the writer Miguel de Unamuno called "the internal history of Spain." Beyond the naturalist will, Zuloaga seeks the character of a people. For this reason, his paintings about Black Spain provoke controversy: in the newspaper El Imparcial José Ortega y Gasset declared in 1911: "Zuloaga is a great artist because he has the art of raising the tragic Spanish theme."
This exhibition comes from a group of exhibitions collected under the title Arte para un siglo, a selection of Spanish art from the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía that has travelled through more than a dozen Autonomous regions in Spain. This project, organised by the Spanish Confederation of Savings Banks, is divided into three exhibitions whose chronological limits are marked by artistic or historical changes determined by Spanish art in the twentieth century.
Both flamenco, conceived as modern popular culture, and the artistic avant-garde arise during the late nineteenth century. The aim of this exhibition is to review for the first time the position of flamenco within the frame of visual culture, especially its relationship of mutual influence with avant-garde art and modernity.
The exhibition Campo Cerrado takes its name from the homonymous novel by Max Aub and looks to examine Spanish art in the complex and controversial 1940s, a decade that has received little attention and one that exists in a critical and historiographical vacuum, despite its importance in structuring modern sensibility in Spain.