Among the three exhibitions to open the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in 1986, Procesos brings together a compendium of works that use the cutting-edge tools and technological supports, applying them to the world of creation.
Naturalezas españolas (Spanish Nature) is an historical review of the most significant art movements in Spain spanning four decades and analysed from the monographic perspective of nature. The common thread of the exhibition is divided into the following sections: “Facing Nature”, “With Nature”, “On Nature”, “Beyond Nature”, five propositions representing the five different models between art and nature.
The exhibition El siglo de Picasso (A Century of Picasso)brings together works from the Spanish avant-garde produced among thirty-four artists between 1910 and 1970, the majority from overseas collections. The exhibit is part of the exhibition programme Five Centuries of Spanish Art, whose journey begins in Paris. It is divided into five chapters linked to important historical events and also includes two detours to take in other significant historical phenomena.
La Asociación de Amigos del Reina Sofía was established in 1987 as the result of a group of entrepreneurs coming together to create a collection. The acquisitions of pieces is done as an individual initiative, but the character of the collection is public, it cooperates with institutions and is made available to as many citizens as possible.
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía is collaborating with the Mexican Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes -as they did in 1996 for the ¿Buñuel! The Eye of the Centuryexhibition- to present at the Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City a selection of paintings, sculptures and drawings by the major Spanish artists of the twentieth century. This exhibition is a reflection of Spanish avant-garde key historical figures as well as the most celebrated artists of the second half of the twentieth century. Also present in the exhibition are the creations of artists who have achieved great relevance in the current scene. In this way, the Mexican public is invited to construct a global vision of the Spanish art scene over the last hundred years through this exhibition divided into three chapters.
The exhibition Dibujos germinales. 50 artistas españoles. 1947-1998 provides a general and previously unimagined vision of drawing in Spain during the second half of the twentieth century, through fifty artists from different generations (from Eduardo Chillida to Eva Lootz or from Luis Gordillo to Azucena Vieites). Because it is an extended period and a relatively common practice for most of the authors, there is a need to find a conceptual unity that seeks to convey a general idea and propose a systematic structure. Therefore, in this exhibition drawing does not appear as a technique, rule or discipline, but as a starting point -germination in the strict sense- to delve into the mechanisms of creation and try to go beyond the notion of sketch or preparatory study.
The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Buenos Aires and later the Pinacoteca del Estado de Sao Paulo in Brazil host the exhibition: De Picasso a Barceló: la colección del Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, siglo XX, which, as its title indicates, includes the beginning and end of twentieth century Spanish art with a period marked by two multi-faceted artists. Chronologically organised, the exhibition invites its Argentine and Brazilian public to participate in the wealth of the last hundred years of art in Spain.
This exhibition compiles a selection of forty-six Spanish artists belonging to the Telefónica España Collection of Contemporary and Avant-garde Art, loaned to the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in 1997. The artists present in the exhibit work with Abstraction from 1950 to 2000 and are linked to both Informalism and geometry. The El Paso, Parpalló and Pórtico groups, Basque sculptors, and “Spaniards in New York” predominate the development of quality abstraction that, by and large, is prevalent in second half of the 20th century in Spain.
Movement and speed as a reference of modernity and the machine as a symbol of technological progress have been around since early avant-garde artistic discourse. But it is in the Paris of the Sixties where, focused around the Denise René gallery, a group of artists, many of them Latin-American, give programmatic basis to Kinetic Art. From this moment the kinetic factor is begun to be understood as a trend that seeks expression in the movement of the creative arts through various channels: shaping an illusion of a virtual movement in the optic impression of the spectator that does not really exist; inducing the spectator to move in space, to mentally organise the reading of a particular sequence, or performing real movements of images through the use of motors.
Realismos entre XIX y XXI (Tributo a Juan Antonio Ramírez)
In their efforts to distance themselves from a linear narrative of modernity, The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía addresses the Museum's vision as not merely a container of objects, but as an entity capable of producing new discourses for their Collection and generating new knowledge. For this reason through Two Different Readings of the Collection, two exhibitions have opened at the same time about the meaning of collecting and relating the Museum's Collection from two different points of view. Artists Rosa Barba and Juan Luis Moraza, have made an exhaustive study on the Museum's Collection to then choose a selection of works which can offer the public two alternative visions and proposals on the Collection.
The exhibition Campo Cerrado takes its name from the homonymous novel by Max Aub and looks to examine Spanish art in the complex and controversial 1940s, a decade that has received little attention and one that exists in a critical and historiographical vacuum, despite its importance in structuring modern sensibility in Spain.