This exhibition is one of the most extensive on Latin American art seen to date in Spain. At the Palacio de Velázquez over four hundred works have been displayed showcasing the artistic wealth in Latin American regions starting from the Wars of Independence against Spain (c. 1800-1821) until 1980.
The surrealist movement, definitely visible and theoretically debated with the publication of the Manifeste du Surréalisme (1924), written by André Breton (Tinchebray, France, 1896 - Paris, 1966) is a cosmology organised by and about Breton himself. His revolutionary pretensions, which are visible in all his publications, expositions and determinations, are understood as the will of general subversion (through action) in all areas of daily life, starting from poetry and art and moving to ethics, religion and politics. Thus, Surrealism is not only an artistic and literary expression, but a stance against the traditional values of culture and the bourgeois society and against realism in art. He supports the idea of an inner model in all creative acts, of otherness, absolute automatism (applied to poetic and artistic practice) as well as the adoption of meta-artistic methods that come from psychoanalysis, such as hypnosis, which allow the release of human consciousness and a return to a primitive and primordial state of thought.
aThis exhibition looks at the career of Roberto Matta Echaurren (Santiago de Chile, 1911 - Civitavecchia, Italy, 2002) through over one hundred works produced on canvas and paper between 1936 and 1998. More than solely a retrospective, the exhibit represents an exercise in considering Matta's work and its place in the history of twentieth century art.
À rebours. La rebelión informalista 1939-1968 gathers work by seventy-three artists from varied backgrounds and offers a thorough review of what Informalism means historically and historiographically. Dore Ashton, curator of the exhibition, renounces a genealogy where geographical factors are a priority so that different names are used depending on the location for the same trend (tachisme, art autre, lyrical Abstraction and Abstract Expressionism).
This exhibition presents an approach to the evolution of the surrealist movement in the context of the exile and emigration of most of its members to the United States which happened following the German occupation of France. During the period encompassed in the exhibition, artists such as André Breton, André Masson, Max Ernst, Roberto Matta and Wilfredo Lam contact American artistic groups and meet the young artists that a few years later, play an important role in the renewal of American art.
La Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones Culturales (SECC) (The State Society for Cultural Commemorations) and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía celebrate the centenary of the birth of Rafael Alberti (Puerto de Santa Maria, 1902-1999) with this major exhibition on one of the most universal Spanish poets. The exhibition is the largest project among the scheduled to commemorate the centenary of the poet’s birth, being the first exhibition on the writer that completely defines his life and his art. Peeking into the life of Rafael Alberti is to participate in the turbulent twentieth century that influenced the life course and literary career of one of the most prominent members of the Generation of 27. To recreate this scenario, close to a thousand pieces have been selected, including manuscripts, first editions and translations of his books, personal objects and photographs, as well as correspondence with Pablo Neruda, Federico García Lorca and Manuel Altolaguirre.
This exhibition narrates the unpredictable deviations of the many alternative architectural models in Latin America from the mid-twentieth century, confronting the official stance marked by a neo-colonial and Eurocentric discourse. The exhibition facilitates the comprehension of the avant-garde as an attitude that is open to differences, from the recognition of heterogeneity and otherness, not as a judgement of imported and imposed standards.
The exhibition Locus Solus. Impressions de Raymond Roussel is dedicated to the body of work by the French novelist and poet and its influence on modern and contemporary art. Roussel (1877-1933) was the author of a literary opus made up of rich worlds, filled with spectacle, masks and phantasmagoria and built around the mechanisms and double entendres found in language. In its consideration of Roussel, Locus Solus is also taking a furtive glance at the history of 20th century art.