Minimalismos was the title chosen by Anatxu Zabalbeascoa and Javier Rodríguez Marcos for a small book that was published in the year 2000 by the publishing company Gustavo Gili, Barcelona. In it, his vision of the popularisation of the term "minimalism" is told as well as the story of his expansion beyond the visual arts into other areas of expression such as architecture, music and fashion. On this occasion, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía uses them as commissioners for this exhibition that traces the evolution of that historical movement started in the Sixties and which has grown to become one of the most recognisable aesthetic categories today.
During the last fifteen years, photography has gained a renewed vitality thanks in part to its use by many artists who do not call themselves photographers, but simply use this medium to build and develop a new artistic syntax. Since conceptual artists in the Sixties began to use photography to document and register, or as a contributing element, in their projects, actions and performances, this medium began to change the direction the discipline itself had imposed. In this way it freed itself from formal ties and orientated itself in other directions, until becoming a new artistic path along which different ways of critical thinking of reality circulated. The emergence in the mid-sixties of cibachrome, which introduced sizes and colour qualities hitherto unknown, and the recent shift from analogue to digital photography has opened technical possibilities reminiscent of the experiments that took place between 1834 and 1851, a key time in the origins of photography.
Realismos entre XIX y XXI (Tributo a Juan Antonio Ramírez)
In their efforts to distance themselves from a linear narrative of modernity, The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía addresses the Museum's vision as not merely a container of objects, but as an entity capable of producing new discourses for their Collection and generating new knowledge. For this reason through Two Different Readings of the Collection, two exhibitions have opened at the same time about the meaning of collecting and relating the Museum's Collection from two different points of view. Artists Rosa Barba and Juan Luis Moraza, have made an exhaustive study on the Museum's Collection to then choose a selection of works which can offer the public two alternative visions and proposals on the Collection.