In 1919 the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar (State Bauhaus in Weimar) is established through the merge of the Weimar Academy of Fine Art and the Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts. It is founded by Walter Gropius, who applies his simultaneous experiences from the art schools and also has illustrious precedents such as the Deutscher Werkbund German association. In April 1919 its first manifesto is published, and the following year Bauhaus has more than one hundred and thirty pupils under its roof, equal in the number of men and women.
Swiss art finds kudos between the Thirties and Forties as numerous artists from various disciplines come together under one common denominator - “the integration of the arts” - conceptualised by the previous experience of the German Bauhaus. The Constructivist motto, “Art should shape and organise daily life, not decorate it”, gives rise to a mentality that is inspired by avant-garde movements and which acquires strong experimental components. Thus movements emerge that go down in history within diverse fields, for instance Concrete Art, Objective Photography and New Typography as well as functional architecture and furniture, all present in this extensive exhibition.
The exhibition Galería Cadaqués (1973-1997) is part of the series of exhibitions dedicated to historical art galleries -the last one was dedicated to showing the Archivo de la Galería Juana Mordó in 2001- and is organised by the Documentation Centre of the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.