José Victoriano González Pérez, known as Juan Gris (Madrid, 1887 - Boulogne-sur-Seine, France, 1927) moves to Paris at the age of nineteen, and comes into contact with the pioneering Cubist circles, including figures such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob and André Salmon. His output reaches maturity between 1914 and 1918, the period he forms part of Synthetic Cubism.
This exhibition aims to publicise the work developed by a group of Spanish fashion companies and professionals working in design, materials innovation and process, production, distribution, branding and marketing of products generated by the textile industry. The symbolic values brought into play in the field of fashion make up the cultural, aesthetic and vital universe of a new era that uses technology and scientific advances to produce innovative creations. Spanish fashion in recent decades has projected a steady image of high quality and its influence extends beyond our borders, thanks to a group of brands and creators with international impact. Also, fashion is an indicator of the dynamism and the structural integrity of a society in terms of its capacity for progress, innovation and adaptation to changes and technologies.
Jusep Torres Campalans is a character invented by writer Max Aub (Paris, 1903 - Mexico City, 1972). Despite not having existed beyond fiction, Aub invents a full biography for Campalans and creates more than thirty books and several drawings by him, which have even be exhibited twice in the Excelsior gallery in Mexico in 1958 and at the Bodley Gallery in New York in 1962. Aub conceives Campalans to be a cubist painter, a son of peasants who migrate to Paris. In this city he contacts and befriends avant-garde artists such as Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani and Piet Mondrian. After the outbreak of the Great War, Campalans moves to Mexico to finish his days in a remote region in Chiapas.
The artist Jesse A. Fernández (Havana, 1925 - Paris, 1986) is internationally known for his photographs but, along with his famous portraits of various personalities, he also creates at the same time drawings, paintings and box-objects. A selection of his work is on display in this exhibition which the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía dedicates to one of the most charismatic Cuban artists.
The work of Jonathan Lasker (Jersey City, United States, 1948) was displayed in 1996 as part of the group exhibition Nuevas Abstracciones held at the Palacio de Velázquez in the Parque del Retiro. This same area has been chosen again for, on this occasion, a comprehensive exhibition of his drawings, studies and paintings made between 1977 and 2003.
Francis Alÿs (Antwerp, Belgium, 1959) is know primarily for his actions. Some of these actions include: walks around Mexico City dragging a magnetic toy dog that picks up metallic objects as it goes along, a walk around São Paulo carrying a perforated can of paint to leave a trail, moving a dune a few metres along with the help of five hundred volunteers from the Lima Biennial, or sending a peacock to represent him at the Venice Biennial; actions that turn heads towards the work of this international artist.
Rax Rinnekangas (Rovaniemi, Finland, 1954) is a writer, film director, interpretor, jazz composer and photographer, and his prolific output has been awarded in Finland with the National Photography Prize (1989) and the National Literary Prize (1992). This exhibition presents Rinnekangas' contribution to the field of photography through a piece for which he spends decades travelling around more that twenty countries in Europe.
With his images Francesc Catalá-Roca (Valls, 1922 - Barcelona, 1998) has contributed to permanently placing the peculiarities, customs and people from a number of Spanish regions in the memory of the Spanish people. The first of his photography books was published in 1952 and portrayed the works of one of the most emblematic buildings in Spain and one of the biggest creations by the international Antoni Gaudí: the Sagrada Familia.
The Colombian artist living in London, Oswaldo Maciá (Cartagena, Colombia, 1960) focuses his work on the concern for sensory processes and subliminal forms of knowledge acquisition. Two of his most common lines of research are exploring synaesthetic relationships (connections between taste, smell and hearing) and the search and creation of new analogies through sensorial paradoxical connections.
Albert Ràfols Casamada (Barcelona, 1923-2009) is one of the central figures of Spanish lyrical abstraction. Son of the painter Albert Ràfols, he starts drawing at a young age. He comes into contact with the developments of Noucentisme, the Catalan art revival movement, and with the first avant-gardes, especially with the work of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Joan Miró through various publications and trains himself in poetry, beginning with the poets from the Generación del 27.
This retrospective exhibition of Ramón Gaya (Huerto del Conde, 1910 - Valencia, 2005) takes place at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía on the occasion of the awarding of I Premio Velázquez 2002 to this painter and writer. Like other Spanish artists honoured by the Museo Reina Sofia -Jacinto Salvadó or Cristino de Vera- Gaya's work has transcended over the years thanks to the recovery of its historical importance that was not initially valued as much as it should have been.
Nikolái Vasílievich Ilín (Nizhni Nòvgorod, Russia, 1894 - Moscow, 1954) is a pioneer of graphic art in Russia. His contribution to the field of editorial design is virtually unknown beyond Russia's borders.
La Spagna dipinge il Novecento (Spain Paints the 20th Century) is the title chosen for this exhibition, which contemplates the existence of an artistic panorama that contributes significantly to Art History, despite certain historical vicissitudes. It comprises sixty works by forty-two artists from the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía Collection and gives an overview, via key works, of the events in 20th century art in Spain. Furthermore, the exhibit unfolds in chronological order, beginning with a first section articulated by Pablo Picasso, one of the most universal Spanish artists.
With the exhibition Romantic landscapes with missing elements, Nedko Solakov (Cherven Briag, Bulgaria, 1957) carries out an idea which demonstrates the relativity of the binomial "representation and truth" leaning on art history to do so. In this way, he uses art history to draw examples that the public may be largely familiar with and which allow him to unfold the ironies associated with the narrative of the pieces. The twelve paintings that make up this exhibition, all the same size, take as a starting point and maximum reference German romantic paintings from the first decades of the nineteenth century, specifically the work and the pictorial and compositional elements from Caspar David Friedrich (1774 - 1840).