The term performance art in Chinese (xingwei yishu) translates as ‘conduct or behaviour in art,’ an idea that emphasises the relationship of the individual to the community, which is so fundamental in the history of social and political thought in China. In this ‘behaviour art,’ personal and group commitment exceeds artistic parameters to fully enter the field of ethics and philosophy. Art/Action China presents a look at action art through interviews carried out between 2005 and 2007 with two generations of artists who work with installation, conceptual art, photography, video and performance art. Cang Xin (Heilongjiang, 1967), Zhu Ming (Changsha, 1972) Song Dong (Beijing, 1966), the pair of Sun Yuan (Beijing, 1972) & Peng Yu (Heilongjiang, 1974), Li Wei (Hubei, 1970), He Yunchang (Yunnan, 1967) and Chen Lingyang (Yiwu, 1975) explain the close relationship between their work and the political, social and urban changes that Chinese society has experienced over the last three decades. All the artists are determined to meld art with life and share the desire to have an impact on their social environment using means that are as poetic as they are subversive.